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Irish league reserve betting lines icc twenty20 world cup betting

Irish league reserve betting lines

They often field opposition kicks and are usually the last line of defence should an opponent break through the back line. Points can be scored in several ways: a try , scored by grounding the ball in the in-goal area between the goal line and the dead-ball line , is worth 5 points and a subsequent conversion kick scores 2 points; a successful penalty kick or a drop goal each score 3 points. Rugby goalposts are H-shaped and are situated in the middle of the goal lines at each end of the field.

They consist of two poles, 5. The minimum height for posts is 3. At the beginning of the game, the captains and the referee toss a coin to decide which team will kick off first. Play then starts with a dropkick, with the players chasing the ball into the opposition's territory, and the other side trying to retrieve the ball and advance it. The dropkick must make contact with the ground before kicked.

If the ball does not reach the opponent's metre yard line 10 meters away, the opposing team has two choices: to have the ball kicked off again, or to have a scrum at the centre of the half-way line. Games are divided into minute halves, with a break in the middle.

In the knockout stages of rugby competitions, most notably the Rugby World Cup , two extra time periods of 10 minutes periods are played with an interval of 5 minutes in between if the game is tied after full-time. If scores are level after minutes then the rules call for 20 minutes of sudden-death extra time to be played. If the sudden-death extra time period results in no scoring a kicking competition is used to determine the winner.

However, no match in the history of the Rugby World Cup has ever gone past minutes into a sudden-death extra time period. Forward passing throwing the ball ahead to another player is not allowed; the ball can be passed laterally or backwards. Only the player with the ball may be tackled or rucked. A "knock-on" is committed when a player knocks the ball forward, and play is restarted with a scrum.

Any player may kick the ball forward in an attempt to gain territory. When a player anywhere in the playing area kicks indirectly into touch so that the ball first bounces in the field of play, the throw-in is taken where the ball went into touch. The aim of the defending side is to stop the player with the ball, either by bringing them to ground a tackle, which is frequently followed by a ruck or by contesting for possession with the ball-carrier on their feet a maul.

Such a circumstance is called a breakdown and each is governed by a specific law. A player may tackle an opposing player who has the ball by holding them while bringing them to ground. Tacklers cannot tackle above the shoulder the neck and head are out of bounds , [69] and the tackler has to attempt to wrap their arms around the player being tackled to complete the tackle. It is illegal to push, shoulder-charge, or to trip a player using feet or legs, but hands may be used this being referred to as a tap-tackle or ankle-tap.

Mauls occur after a player with the ball has come into contact with an opponent but the handler remains on his feet; once any combination of at least three players have bound themselves a maul has been set. When the ball leaves the side of the field, a line-out is awarded against the team which last touched the ball. Both sides compete for the ball and players may lift their teammates. A scrum is a way of restarting the game safely and fairly after a minor infringement.

A team may also opt for a scrum if awarded a penalty. A scrum is formed by the eight forwards from each team crouching down and binding together in three rows, before interlocking with the opposing team. The second row consists of two locks and the two flankers. Behind the second row is the number 8. This formation is known as the 3—4—1 formation. There are three match officials: a referee, and two assistant referees. The referees are commonly addressed as "Sir".

Common offences include tackling above the shoulders, collapsing a scrum , ruck or maul, not releasing the ball when on the ground, or being offside. Occasionally, infringements are not caught by the referee during the match and these may be "cited" by the citing commissioner after the match and have punishments usually suspension for a number of weeks imposed on the infringing player.

During the match, players may be replaced for injury or substituted for tactical reasons. Prior to , all substitutions, no matter the cause, counted against the limit during a match. In , World Rugby changed the law so that substitutions made to replace a player deemed unable to continue due to foul play by the opposition would no longer count against the match limit.

The most basic items of equipment for a game of rugby union are the ball itself, a rugby shirt also known as a "jersey" , rugby shorts , socks, and boots. The rugby ball is oval in shape technically a prolate spheroid , and is made up of four panels. The studs may be either metal or plastic but must not have any sharp edges or ridges. Protective equipment is optional and strictly regulated. The most common items are mouthguards , which are worn by almost all players, and are compulsory in some rugby-playing nations.

Female players may also wear chest pads. It is the responsibility of the match officials to check players' clothing and equipment before a game to ensure that it conforms to the laws of the game. The international governing body of rugby union and associated games such as sevens is World Rugby WR. Six regional associations, which are members of WR, form the next level of administration; these are:.

National unions oversee rugby union within individual countries and are affiliated to WR. Since , the WR Council has 40 seats. In addition, the six regional associations have two seats each. The earliest countries to adopt rugby union were England , the country of inception, and the other three Home Nations, Scotland , Ireland and Wales.

The spread of rugby union as a global sport has its roots in the exporting of the game by British expatriates, military personnel, and overseas university students. The first rugby club in France was formed by British residents in Le Havre in , while the next year Argentina recorded its first game: 'Banks' v 'City' in Buenos Aires.

Seven countries have adopted rugby union as their de facto national sport ; they are Fiji , [] Georgia , Madagascar , [] [] [] New Zealand , [] Samoa , [] Tonga [] and Wales. A rugby club was formed in Sydney, New South Wales , Australia in ; while the sport was said to have been introduced to New Zealand by Charles Monro in , who played rugby while a student at Christ's College, Finchley.

Several island nations have embraced the sport of rugby. In North America a club formed in Montreal in , Canada's first club. The city of Montreal also played its part in the introduction of the sport in the United States , when students of McGill University played against a team from Harvard University in Although the exact date of arrival of rugby union in Trinidad and Tobago is unknown, their first club Northern RFC was formed in , a national team was playing by and due to a cancelled tour to British Guiana in , switched their venue to Barbados ; introducing rugby to the island.

Rugby union is the fastest growing college sport and sport in general in the USA. The growth of rugby union in Europe outside the 6 Nations countries in terms of playing numbers, attendances , and viewership has been sporadic. The rest of Europe were left to play amongst themselves. During a period when it had been isolated by the British and Irish Unions, France, lacking international competition, became the only European team from the top tier to regularly play the other European countries; mainly Belgium , the Netherlands , Germany , Spain , Romania , Poland , Italy and Czechoslovakia.

Other European rugby playing nations of note include Russia , whose first officially recorded match is marked by an encounter between Dynamo Moscow and the Moscow Institute of Physical Education in It adopted its current name of Rugby Europe in Although Argentina is the best-known rugby playing nation in South America , founding the Argentine Rugby Union in , [] several other countries on the continent have a long history.

Many Asian countries have a tradition of playing rugby dating from the British Empire. India began playing rugby in the early s, the Calcutta Football Club forming in However, with the departure of a local British army regiment, interest in rugby diminished in the area. Other Asian playing countries of note include Singapore , South Korea , China and The Philippines , while the former British colony of Hong Kong is notable within rugby for its development of the rugby sevens game, especially the Hong Kong Sevens tournament which was founded in The official union of Oman was formed in South African settlers also brought the game with them to Namibia and competed against British administrators in British East Africa.

During the late 19th and early 20th century, the sport in Africa was spread by settlers and colonials who often adopted a "whites-only" policy to playing the game. This resulted in rugby being viewed as a bourgeois sport by the indigenous people with limited appeal. The earliest countries to see the playing of competitive rugby include South Africa, and neighbouring Rhodesia modern-day Zimbabwe , which formed the Rhodesia Rugby Football Union in and became a regular stop for touring British and New Zealand sides.

In more recent times the sport has been embraced by several African nations. In the early 21st century Madagascar has experienced crowds of 40, at national matches, [] while Namibia, whose history of rugby can be dated from , have qualified for the final stages of the World Cup four times since Records of women's rugby football date from the late 19th century, with the first documented source being Emily Valentine 's writings, in which she states that she set up a rugby team in Portora Royal School in Enniskillen, Ireland in The premier international competition in rugby union for women is the Women's Rugby World Cup , first held in ; from through , it was held every four years.

The most important competition in rugby union is the Rugby World Cup , a men's tournament that has taken place every four years since the inaugural event in South Africa are the reigning champions, having defeated England in the final of the Rugby World Cup in Yokohama.

New Zealand and South Africa have each won the title three times New Zealand: , , ; South Africa: , , , Australia have won twice and , and England once The Rugby World Cup has continued to grow since its inception in The Rugby League World Cup dates from in contrast. Ticket sales during the pool stages and finals of the same tournament was less than a million. The World Cup was contested by 94 countries with ticket sales of 3,, over the pool and final stage.

The accumulated television audience for the event, then broadcast to countries, was a claimed 4. It was the ninth edition and the first time the tournament has been held in Asia. Following the first internationals between England and Scotland, Ireland and Wales began competing in the s, forming the Home International Championships.

The Rugby Championship is the Southern Hemisphere's annual international series for that region's top national teams. From its inception in through , it was known as the Tri Nations, as it featured the hemisphere's traditional powers of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. In a new system was introduced where each nation plays the others three times, though in and the teams played each other only twice, as both were World Cup years.

The competition reverted to the Tri Nations' original home-and-away format, but now involving four teams. In World Cup years, an abbreviated tournament is held in which each team plays the others only once. Rugby union was played at the Olympic Games in , , and In , France won the gold, beating Great Britain 27 points to 8 and defeating Germany 27 points to In , the United States again defeated France 17 to 3, becoming the only team to win gold twice in the sport.

In the International Olympic Committee voted with a majority of 81 to 8 that rugby union be reinstated as an Olympic sport in at least the and games, but in the sevens, 4-day tournament format. In the and editions of the games, both the usual fifteen-a-side variety and rugby sevens were played, but from onwards, only rugby sevens was retained. In , the women's rugby sevens event was introduced. The event is likely to remain a permanent fixture of the Asian Games due to elevation of rugby sevens as an Olympic sport from the Olympics onwards.

The present gold medal holders in the sevens tournament, held in , are Japan in the men's event and China in the women's. Women's international rugby union began in , with a match between France and the Netherlands played in Utrecht. The New Zealand Women's team then won four straight World Cups , , , [] before England won in Following the event, World Rugby moved the next edition of the event to , with a new four-year cycle from that point forward. As well as the Women's Rugby World Cup there are also other regular tournaments, including a Six Nations , run in parallel to the men's competition.

The Women's Six Nations, first played in has been dominated by England, who have won the tournament on 14 occasions, including a run of seven consecutive wins from to However, since then, England have won only in ; reigning champion France have won in each even-numbered year , , whilst Ireland won in and Rugby union has been professionalised since The following table shows professional and semi-professional rugby union competitions.

Rugby union has spawned several variants of the full-contact, a-side game. The two most common differences in adapted versions are fewer players and reduced player contact. The oldest variant is rugby sevens sometimes 7s or VIIs , a fast-paced game which originated in Melrose , Scotland in In rugby sevens, there are only seven players per side, and each half is normally seven minutes.

Major tournaments include the Hong Kong Sevens and Dubai Sevens , both held in areas not normally associated with the highest levels of the a-side game. A more recent variant of the sport is rugby tens 10s or Xs , a Malaysian invention with ten players per side. Touch rugby , in which "tackles" are made by simply touching the ball carrier with two hands, is popular both as a training game and more formally as a mixed sex version of the sport played by both children and adults.

Several variants have been created to introduce the sport to children with a less physical contact. Tag Rugby is a version in which the players wear a belt with two tags attached by velcro, the removal of either counting as a 'tackle'. Tag Rugby also varies in that kicking the ball is not allowed. Other less formal variants include beach rugby and snow rugby. Rugby league was formed after the Northern Union broke from the Rugby Football Union in a disagreement over payment to players.

It went on to change its laws and became a football code in its own right. The two sports continue to influence each other to this day. American football [] [] and Canadian football [] are derived from early forms of rugby football. Australian rules football was influenced by rugby football and other games originating in English public schools. James Naismith took aspects of many sports including rugby to invent basketball.

Naismith played rugby at McGill University. Swedish football was a code whose rules were a mix of Association and Rugby football rules. Rugby lends its name to wheelchair rugby , a full-contact sport which contains elements of rugby such as crossing a try line with the ball to score.

According to a report by the Centre for the International Business of Sport, over four and a half million people play rugby union or one of its variants organised by the IRB. It recorded a total of 6. The most capped international player from the tier 1 nations is former New Zealand openside flanker and captain Richie McCaw who has played in internationals.

In , the All Blacks of New Zealand set the new record 18 consecutive test wins among tier 1 rugby nations, bettering their previous consecutive run of The record attendance for a rugby union game was set on 15 July in which New Zealand defeated Australia 39—35 in a Bledisloe Cup game at Stadium Australia in Sydney before , fans. Thomas Hughes novel Tom Brown's Schooldays , set at Rugby School , includes a rugby football match, also portrayed in the s film of the same name.

Henri Rousseau 's work Joueurs de football shows two pairs of rugby players competing. Invictus , based on John Carlin 's book Playing the Enemy , explores the events of the Rugby World Cup and Nelson Mandela's attempt to use the sport to connect South Africa's people post- apartheid. In public art and sculpture there are many works dedicated to the sport.

There is a 27 feet 8. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Team sport, code of rugby football. For a more detailed explanation of how rugby union is played, see Rugby union gameplay. Not to be confused with Rugby league. Main article: History of rugby union. Main article: Rugby union positions. Main articles: Rugby union laws and Rugby union gameplay. Main article: Line-out rugby union. Main article: Scrum rugby union. Main articles: Rugby union match officials and Laws of rugby union. Main article: Rugby union equipment.

See also: World Rugby and Timeline of foundation of national rugby unions. Member Union. Associated Union. See also: List of rugby union playing countries. See also: Rugby Americas North. Main article: Rugby union in Asia. Main article: Women's rugby union. Further information: List of rugby union competitions. Main article: Women's international rugby union.

It dropped to eight when one of Sydney's three original sides was removed after the season. The league returned to nine teams with the arrival of the Fijian Drua in , but reverted to eight when a second Sydney side was removed after the season. See also: History of American football , Comparison of American football and rugby union , Origins of Australian rules football , Comparison of rugby league and rugby union , History of rugby league , and Rugby football.

See also: List of top rugby union players by international caps and List of top scoring international rugby union players. Sports portal. This document, titled ' countries Some unions only report their registered players, i. Other unions, such as England's Rugby Football Union , also report people taking part in outreach and educational programs, or unregistered players. In the figures reported by the RFU they reported 1,, people playing rugby in England, including 1,, under 13s, , teens and , seniors.

Some of those recorded would have experienced rugby via educational visits to schools, playing tag or touch rugby, rather than playing regularly for a club. The figures released in give an overall figure of those playing rugby union, or one of its variants, as 6,,, but also reports that of that total, 3. In addition, the song's pregame use did not become customary until the s. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 27 February National Post. Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 8 March S Rugby Scholarships - U.

S Sports Scholarships". International Rugby Board. Archived from the original on 24 October Retrieved 1 December Retrieved 14 September Series F. Episode 3. BBC One. Retrieved 20 September BBC News. Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 6 February Archived from the original on 12 May Retrieved 12 November Five Epochs of Civilization: Chapter 7 Retrieved 26 September Rugby Football History.

Retrieved 22 March The British and irish Lions. Archived from the original on 7 June Retrieved 13 August Forerunners of the All Blacks. Retrieved 24 September Archived from the original on 24 August New Zealand History Online. Retrieved 6 October The result of the very first match against Devon was regarded as a foregone conclusion by most British followers. BBC Cymru Wales history.

BBC Cymru Wales. Retrieved 3 December Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 10 August Retrieved 18 August The New York Times. Retrieved 25 June Archived from the original on 22 April Retrieved 28 September The Independent.

London: INM. Retrieved 19 November Archived from the original on 11 February Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 21 March The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 29 April World Rugby. Archived from the original PDF on 16 February Archived from the original on 26 February ESPN Scrum. Rugby Coaching. Retrieved 30 September For those firms with an online presence, the past month has been about casting around for sports on which to offer up markets. Bar One are down to a skeleton staff across the country, with a handful of operators keeping the website going and a few more manning the phones.

In all honesty, I would have never even have noticed it before. You would have found it on our site, from our third-party providers. We would use companies like Bet Radar. So that has been pushed to the top of our site and we are taking money on them. People follow along on Livescore.

The one bit of good news they cling to is the fact that horse racing is likely to return quicker than most sports, thereby providing some measure of bread and butter. Among the general public, the desperate, the bored and the addicted will always find a way. All they need is a laptop with a split-screen, glitchy footage of a couple of dartboards and the thunk-thunk-thunk of faceless throwers keeping the whole show rolling.

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BETTING LINES FOR BOWL GAMES 2021

Prior to , all substitutions, no matter the cause, counted against the limit during a match. In , World Rugby changed the law so that substitutions made to replace a player deemed unable to continue due to foul play by the opposition would no longer count against the match limit. The most basic items of equipment for a game of rugby union are the ball itself, a rugby shirt also known as a "jersey" , rugby shorts , socks, and boots.

The rugby ball is oval in shape technically a prolate spheroid , and is made up of four panels. The studs may be either metal or plastic but must not have any sharp edges or ridges. Protective equipment is optional and strictly regulated. The most common items are mouthguards , which are worn by almost all players, and are compulsory in some rugby-playing nations. Female players may also wear chest pads. It is the responsibility of the match officials to check players' clothing and equipment before a game to ensure that it conforms to the laws of the game.

The international governing body of rugby union and associated games such as sevens is World Rugby WR. Six regional associations, which are members of WR, form the next level of administration; these are:. National unions oversee rugby union within individual countries and are affiliated to WR. Since , the WR Council has 40 seats.

In addition, the six regional associations have two seats each. The earliest countries to adopt rugby union were England , the country of inception, and the other three Home Nations, Scotland , Ireland and Wales. The spread of rugby union as a global sport has its roots in the exporting of the game by British expatriates, military personnel, and overseas university students.

The first rugby club in France was formed by British residents in Le Havre in , while the next year Argentina recorded its first game: 'Banks' v 'City' in Buenos Aires. Seven countries have adopted rugby union as their de facto national sport ; they are Fiji , [] Georgia , Madagascar , [] [] [] New Zealand , [] Samoa , [] Tonga [] and Wales.

A rugby club was formed in Sydney, New South Wales , Australia in ; while the sport was said to have been introduced to New Zealand by Charles Monro in , who played rugby while a student at Christ's College, Finchley. Several island nations have embraced the sport of rugby. In North America a club formed in Montreal in , Canada's first club. The city of Montreal also played its part in the introduction of the sport in the United States , when students of McGill University played against a team from Harvard University in Although the exact date of arrival of rugby union in Trinidad and Tobago is unknown, their first club Northern RFC was formed in , a national team was playing by and due to a cancelled tour to British Guiana in , switched their venue to Barbados ; introducing rugby to the island.

Rugby union is the fastest growing college sport and sport in general in the USA. The growth of rugby union in Europe outside the 6 Nations countries in terms of playing numbers, attendances , and viewership has been sporadic. The rest of Europe were left to play amongst themselves. During a period when it had been isolated by the British and Irish Unions, France, lacking international competition, became the only European team from the top tier to regularly play the other European countries; mainly Belgium , the Netherlands , Germany , Spain , Romania , Poland , Italy and Czechoslovakia.

Other European rugby playing nations of note include Russia , whose first officially recorded match is marked by an encounter between Dynamo Moscow and the Moscow Institute of Physical Education in It adopted its current name of Rugby Europe in Although Argentina is the best-known rugby playing nation in South America , founding the Argentine Rugby Union in , [] several other countries on the continent have a long history. Many Asian countries have a tradition of playing rugby dating from the British Empire.

India began playing rugby in the early s, the Calcutta Football Club forming in However, with the departure of a local British army regiment, interest in rugby diminished in the area. Other Asian playing countries of note include Singapore , South Korea , China and The Philippines , while the former British colony of Hong Kong is notable within rugby for its development of the rugby sevens game, especially the Hong Kong Sevens tournament which was founded in The official union of Oman was formed in South African settlers also brought the game with them to Namibia and competed against British administrators in British East Africa.

During the late 19th and early 20th century, the sport in Africa was spread by settlers and colonials who often adopted a "whites-only" policy to playing the game. This resulted in rugby being viewed as a bourgeois sport by the indigenous people with limited appeal. The earliest countries to see the playing of competitive rugby include South Africa, and neighbouring Rhodesia modern-day Zimbabwe , which formed the Rhodesia Rugby Football Union in and became a regular stop for touring British and New Zealand sides.

In more recent times the sport has been embraced by several African nations. In the early 21st century Madagascar has experienced crowds of 40, at national matches, [] while Namibia, whose history of rugby can be dated from , have qualified for the final stages of the World Cup four times since Records of women's rugby football date from the late 19th century, with the first documented source being Emily Valentine 's writings, in which she states that she set up a rugby team in Portora Royal School in Enniskillen, Ireland in The premier international competition in rugby union for women is the Women's Rugby World Cup , first held in ; from through , it was held every four years.

The most important competition in rugby union is the Rugby World Cup , a men's tournament that has taken place every four years since the inaugural event in South Africa are the reigning champions, having defeated England in the final of the Rugby World Cup in Yokohama. New Zealand and South Africa have each won the title three times New Zealand: , , ; South Africa: , , , Australia have won twice and , and England once The Rugby World Cup has continued to grow since its inception in The Rugby League World Cup dates from in contrast.

Ticket sales during the pool stages and finals of the same tournament was less than a million. The World Cup was contested by 94 countries with ticket sales of 3,, over the pool and final stage. The accumulated television audience for the event, then broadcast to countries, was a claimed 4. It was the ninth edition and the first time the tournament has been held in Asia. Following the first internationals between England and Scotland, Ireland and Wales began competing in the s, forming the Home International Championships.

The Rugby Championship is the Southern Hemisphere's annual international series for that region's top national teams. From its inception in through , it was known as the Tri Nations, as it featured the hemisphere's traditional powers of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. In a new system was introduced where each nation plays the others three times, though in and the teams played each other only twice, as both were World Cup years. The competition reverted to the Tri Nations' original home-and-away format, but now involving four teams.

In World Cup years, an abbreviated tournament is held in which each team plays the others only once. Rugby union was played at the Olympic Games in , , and In , France won the gold, beating Great Britain 27 points to 8 and defeating Germany 27 points to In , the United States again defeated France 17 to 3, becoming the only team to win gold twice in the sport.

In the International Olympic Committee voted with a majority of 81 to 8 that rugby union be reinstated as an Olympic sport in at least the and games, but in the sevens, 4-day tournament format. In the and editions of the games, both the usual fifteen-a-side variety and rugby sevens were played, but from onwards, only rugby sevens was retained.

In , the women's rugby sevens event was introduced. The event is likely to remain a permanent fixture of the Asian Games due to elevation of rugby sevens as an Olympic sport from the Olympics onwards. The present gold medal holders in the sevens tournament, held in , are Japan in the men's event and China in the women's. Women's international rugby union began in , with a match between France and the Netherlands played in Utrecht. The New Zealand Women's team then won four straight World Cups , , , [] before England won in Following the event, World Rugby moved the next edition of the event to , with a new four-year cycle from that point forward.

As well as the Women's Rugby World Cup there are also other regular tournaments, including a Six Nations , run in parallel to the men's competition. The Women's Six Nations, first played in has been dominated by England, who have won the tournament on 14 occasions, including a run of seven consecutive wins from to However, since then, England have won only in ; reigning champion France have won in each even-numbered year , , whilst Ireland won in and Rugby union has been professionalised since The following table shows professional and semi-professional rugby union competitions.

Rugby union has spawned several variants of the full-contact, a-side game. The two most common differences in adapted versions are fewer players and reduced player contact. The oldest variant is rugby sevens sometimes 7s or VIIs , a fast-paced game which originated in Melrose , Scotland in In rugby sevens, there are only seven players per side, and each half is normally seven minutes.

Major tournaments include the Hong Kong Sevens and Dubai Sevens , both held in areas not normally associated with the highest levels of the a-side game. A more recent variant of the sport is rugby tens 10s or Xs , a Malaysian invention with ten players per side. Touch rugby , in which "tackles" are made by simply touching the ball carrier with two hands, is popular both as a training game and more formally as a mixed sex version of the sport played by both children and adults.

Several variants have been created to introduce the sport to children with a less physical contact. Tag Rugby is a version in which the players wear a belt with two tags attached by velcro, the removal of either counting as a 'tackle'. Tag Rugby also varies in that kicking the ball is not allowed. Other less formal variants include beach rugby and snow rugby. Rugby league was formed after the Northern Union broke from the Rugby Football Union in a disagreement over payment to players.

It went on to change its laws and became a football code in its own right. The two sports continue to influence each other to this day. American football [] [] and Canadian football [] are derived from early forms of rugby football.

Australian rules football was influenced by rugby football and other games originating in English public schools. James Naismith took aspects of many sports including rugby to invent basketball. Naismith played rugby at McGill University. Swedish football was a code whose rules were a mix of Association and Rugby football rules. Rugby lends its name to wheelchair rugby , a full-contact sport which contains elements of rugby such as crossing a try line with the ball to score.

According to a report by the Centre for the International Business of Sport, over four and a half million people play rugby union or one of its variants organised by the IRB. It recorded a total of 6. The most capped international player from the tier 1 nations is former New Zealand openside flanker and captain Richie McCaw who has played in internationals.

In , the All Blacks of New Zealand set the new record 18 consecutive test wins among tier 1 rugby nations, bettering their previous consecutive run of The record attendance for a rugby union game was set on 15 July in which New Zealand defeated Australia 39—35 in a Bledisloe Cup game at Stadium Australia in Sydney before , fans. Thomas Hughes novel Tom Brown's Schooldays , set at Rugby School , includes a rugby football match, also portrayed in the s film of the same name. Henri Rousseau 's work Joueurs de football shows two pairs of rugby players competing.

Invictus , based on John Carlin 's book Playing the Enemy , explores the events of the Rugby World Cup and Nelson Mandela's attempt to use the sport to connect South Africa's people post- apartheid. In public art and sculpture there are many works dedicated to the sport.

There is a 27 feet 8. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Team sport, code of rugby football. For a more detailed explanation of how rugby union is played, see Rugby union gameplay. Not to be confused with Rugby league. Main article: History of rugby union. Main article: Rugby union positions. Main articles: Rugby union laws and Rugby union gameplay. Main article: Line-out rugby union. Main article: Scrum rugby union. Main articles: Rugby union match officials and Laws of rugby union.

Main article: Rugby union equipment. See also: World Rugby and Timeline of foundation of national rugby unions. Member Union. Associated Union. See also: List of rugby union playing countries. See also: Rugby Americas North. Main article: Rugby union in Asia. Main article: Women's rugby union. Further information: List of rugby union competitions.

Main article: Women's international rugby union. It dropped to eight when one of Sydney's three original sides was removed after the season. The league returned to nine teams with the arrival of the Fijian Drua in , but reverted to eight when a second Sydney side was removed after the season. See also: History of American football , Comparison of American football and rugby union , Origins of Australian rules football , Comparison of rugby league and rugby union , History of rugby league , and Rugby football.

See also: List of top rugby union players by international caps and List of top scoring international rugby union players. Sports portal. This document, titled ' countries Some unions only report their registered players, i. Other unions, such as England's Rugby Football Union , also report people taking part in outreach and educational programs, or unregistered players.

In the figures reported by the RFU they reported 1,, people playing rugby in England, including 1,, under 13s, , teens and , seniors. Some of those recorded would have experienced rugby via educational visits to schools, playing tag or touch rugby, rather than playing regularly for a club.

The figures released in give an overall figure of those playing rugby union, or one of its variants, as 6,,, but also reports that of that total, 3. In addition, the song's pregame use did not become customary until the s. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 27 February National Post.

Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 8 March S Rugby Scholarships - U. S Sports Scholarships". International Rugby Board. Archived from the original on 24 October Retrieved 1 December Retrieved 14 September Series F. Episode 3. BBC One. Retrieved 20 September BBC News. Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 6 February Archived from the original on 12 May Retrieved 12 November Five Epochs of Civilization: Chapter 7 Retrieved 26 September Rugby Football History.

Retrieved 22 March The British and irish Lions. Archived from the original on 7 June Retrieved 13 August Forerunners of the All Blacks. Retrieved 24 September Archived from the original on 24 August New Zealand History Online. Retrieved 6 October The result of the very first match against Devon was regarded as a foregone conclusion by most British followers. BBC Cymru Wales history. BBC Cymru Wales.

Retrieved 3 December Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 10 August Retrieved 18 August The New York Times. Retrieved 25 June Archived from the original on 22 April Retrieved 28 September The Independent. London: INM.

Retrieved 19 November Archived from the original on 11 February Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 21 March The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 29 April World Rugby. Archived from the original PDF on 16 February Archived from the original on 26 February ESPN Scrum. Rugby Coaching. Retrieved 30 September The Scotsman. Retrieved 1 September Retrieved 16 August London: Diagram Group. Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 7 December Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 26 April Archived from the original on 9 February BBC Sport.

Retrieved 15 March Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 24 October Archived from the original on 22 August Retrieved 23 September Retrieved 4 June Archived from the original on 22 September Archived from the original on 3 September Archived from the original on 12 September Archived from the original on 12 December Archived from the original on 18 May Archived from the original on 18 September Archived from the original on 2 September Archived from the original on 13 January Archived from the original on 16 October Archived from the original on 27 April Archived from the original on 4 October Archived from the original on 26 March Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 11 May Retrieved 17 August The Guardian.

Retrieved 24 December Previous injury experience of a rugby-playing cohort". British Journal of Sports Medicine. British Medical Journal. New Zealand Trade and Enterprise. Archived from the original PDF on 28 September Among the general public, the desperate, the bored and the addicted will always find a way.

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By continuing to browse our website you consent to the use of cookies on this website. For more information on how we use cookies please visit our Cookie Policy page, or visit our Privacy notice page for more information on how we manage and use data. The top two were hit by late goals while Cliftonville were the only winners on a night that saw thre….

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Crusaders 1. Linfield 2. Coleraine 1. Portadown 1. Dungannon Swifts 0. Carrick Rangers 2. The Gunners suffered a loss at Wolves following David Luiz's controversial sending off, while Dean Smith's men went down against West Ham in what was their fourth home defeat of the season.

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Despite the disappointing result against Wolves on Tuesday evening, Arsenal will take heart from the fact that their first half performance was one of the best of the season. Going down to 10 men and conceding a penalty in the first half naturally conditioned the rest of the match, yet the Gunners played some excellent football before the sending off and looked on course for a fourth consecutive away win.

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